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Artículos de Perú

Fiscales piden incluir la Justicia Juvenil Restaurativa en política de seguridad ciudadana
Del artículo por La Andina, Agencia Peruana de Noticias: El Ministerio Público recomendó hoy incluir el Programa de Justicia Juvenil Restaurativa como medida de prevención dentro de la política de seguridad ciudadana.
Arrebato y Esperanza en el Agustino
Carlos arrebató a una muchacha su teléfono celular en una calle del barrio; luego, fue detenido. Con la intervención del equipo del Proyecto Piloto de Terre des hommes Lausanne y Encuentros Casa de la Juventud en El Agustino, se estableció una experiencia inicial de acercamiento entre ofensor y víctima, en este caso, ambos adolescentes. Ellos hablan ahora de la experiencia vivida: Liliana cuenta de qué modo procesó su miedo y su deseo de justicia; Carlos muestra sus avances y limitaciones en el arduo proceso de cambiar de rumbo.
Colaborando con la Justicia en Libertad. Buenas prácticas en el marco del Proyecto Piloto de Justicia Juvenil Restaurativa.
La aplicación de criterios de la justicia restaurativa permite crear oportunidades educativas para que los adolescentes que entran en conflicto con la ley recuperen el camino. En este artículo ofrecemos algunas notas a partir de nuestra experiencia de trabajo.
RJ Article Laplante, Lisa J.. The Peruvian Truth Commission's Historical Memory Project: Empowering Truth-Tellers to Confront Truth Deniers.
This article examines the role memory recuperation projects play in responding to and preventing periods of state repression and abuse. In particular, the author discusses the case of the Peruvian Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) that worked for two years to produce its 2003 Final Report. Investigating its internal armed conflict (1980-2000), the TRC sought to engage victims-survivors in testimony taking in order to write a new official version of the violence between the various parties to the conflict, including state armed forces, paramilitaries, insurgent groups, and local defense committees. The author proposes that it is not just the memory product that has potential for curative and preventive purposes but also the process of empowering the formerly silenced to become protagonists in a human rights movement that holds the government accountable. Moreover, by helping to break down entrenched habits of fear and distrust, and nurturing the democratic value of free expression, the Peruvian TRC encouraged victims-survivors to participate in new grassroots movements to pursue their justice claims. However, she argues that the TRC provided only the first step in Peru's effort to reveal the truth about its tragic past, and that victims-survivors are beginning to reject passive telling to third-party authors and instead are appropriating their own agency in disseminating memory. The article concludes with a discussion on how it is the change in personal and political status as truth-tellers, and not just the content of this truth, that makes memory projects important endeavors.(author's abstract)
RJ Article Mantilla Falcón, Julissa. The Peruvian Truth and Reconciliation Commission’s Treatment of Sexual Violence Against Women
SEXUAL VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN is an expression of genderbased violence that affects thousands of women around the world during times of armed conflict, as well as in times of peace. Impunity and silence typically surround these cases. Many times, victims do not discuss what happened to them because of feelings of shame and guilt. In most cases, government authorities and some sectors of civil society do not consider sexual violence to be a human rights violation. Fortunately, international human rights instruments and judicial decisions have begun to define sexual violence as a violation of human rights and, in some contexts, as a crime against humanity or a war crime. The work of the Peruvian Truth and Reconciliation Commission (PTRC) made important inroads in identifying sexual violence as a human rights violation. In its Final Report, the PTRC analyzed the situation of Peruvian women subjected to sexual violence during the armed conflict and countered the idea that it was simply a collateral damage of war. Asserting that sexual violence is a human rights violation, the PTRC established a record of the sexual violence that occurred during Peru’s 20 year armed conflict and recommended that the State institute a system of reparations for the victims. The Final Report of the PTRC, released on August 28, 2003, includes a chapter on sexual violence against women. This article presents its main findings.
RJ Article Garcia-Godos, Jemima. Victim Reparations in the Peruvian Truth Commission and the Challenge of Historical Interpretation.
The Peruvian Truth and Reconciliation Commission (Comisión de la Verdad y Reconciliación (CVR)) has been praised for challenging positivist approaches to truth by focusing on victims and narrative interpretation. In this article, I argue that such a focus is not as problem-free as widely assumed. In spite of its normative human rights base, the CVR underestimated the issue of historical and political recognition of particular actors during the Peruvian armed conflict – an issue that bears practical and tangible consequences for the actors involved. I use the case of peasant self-defense groups and their treatment regarding potential reparations benefits to explore the challenges involved in combining a human rights agenda with issues of historical interpretation. (author's abstract)
RJ Article Young, Paula. The Promise of Restorative Justice: Peru's Truth and Reconciliation Commission Issues its Final Report
In the aftermath of a long war between the government and insurgent groups in the 1980s and into the 1990s, Peru established a Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) to investigate the circumstances and effects of this brutal conflict. In this article, Paula Young outlines the findings of the Peruvian TRC’s final report, issued at the end of August 2003. She provides background to the Peruvian TRC’s approach and recommendations by discussing restorative justice principles and practices at the individual level and at the national level. Furthermore, Young compares the Peruvian TRC with the efforts of the South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission.
RJ Article Ormachea Choque, Iván. El Modelo Conciliatorio en el CPC Peruano: ¿Conciliación o Coerciliación?
La Conciliación ha cobrado recientemente una importancia sin precedentes a raíz de la promulgación de la Ley de Conciliación Extrajudicial 26872 del 13 de noviembre de 1997. El presente artículo se centra en el análisis del Modelo Conciliatorio estructurado por el legislador en el Código Procesal Civil 1992 (artículos 323-329 y 468-472). El fin de este artículo es tratar de descubrir cuales eran los supuestos básicos que manejaron los legisladores al momento de diseñar la estructura del modelo conciliatorio en el nuevo CPC. Resumen por El Cento De Estudios de Justicia de las Americas, www.cejamericas.org.

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