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Documentos de México

RJ Article Morris, Ruth. Why Transformative Justice?
In this address, Ruth Morris describes her transition from an advocate of restorative justice to an advocate of transformative justice. In her perspective, the difference in terminology is not just semantic; the difference is substantive. She makes her case by outlining the differences she perceives between retributive justice, restorative justice, and transformative justice. In particular, she details how she believes restorative justice suffers from flawed words and analysis, and why transformative justice accurately diagnoses the problem and offers the appropriate response to the problem.
RJ Article Servicio Internacional para la Paz / International Service for Peace. The Return of the Heart: Justice and Community Reconciliation in the Indigenous Tradition
This article describes traditional indigenous perspectives and structures for dealing with community conflict and crime in the Chiapas region of Mexico. These are contrasted with the formal Mexican criminal justice system. Specific attention is given to ideas of authority, punishment, forgiveness, reconciliation, community, and mediation. The issue is raised whether indigenous perspectives and measures are adequate in the face of the extreme conflict in Chiapas in recent years.
RJ Article Parker, Lynette. Introducing Restorative Practices to Mexico.
Recently, the Government of Mexico and several NGOs have embarked on efforts to develop restorative practices in that country. These reforms have been the result of efforts to increase security, recognize victimsxe2x80x99 rights, foster changes in the Mexican justice system, and include civil society groups in reforming the system
RJ Article Lynch, David Joseph. "Restorative justice, bridle for human passions."
In the 1990s, Vermont’s Department of Corrections faced overcrowded facilities, rising costs, public apathy, and programs that seemed ineffective. Vermont responded by launching an initiative to recast its criminal justice system in terms of restorative justice principles and practices. In this thesis, Lynch examines that initiative. He begins with an introduction to the situation in Vermont and the steps outlined by Vermont to refashion its system, with emphasis on a reparative services track rooted in restorative justice. The next section of the study consists of a literature review concerning restorative justice, and a sketch of relevant aspects of Vermont’s state constitution. Then Lynch describes the research methods used in his study. In the final sections of the thesis, he details the operations of the Vermont Reparative Probation Program, with field observations based on his survey and interviews with a variety of individuals connected with the program. To support his analysis and conclusions, Lynch provides statistical tables from his survey and interviews.
RJ Article Winfree, L. Thomas, Jr. Peacemaking and community harmony: Lessons (and admonitions) from the Navajo Peacemaking Courts.
With considerable interest in restorative justice and its legal and cultural antecedents, many have pointed to aboriginal cultural practices with respect to the restoration of harmony, balance, or peace within a community. Winfree acknowledges the value in learning from those practices, yet he also contends there are cautionary elements in them as well. In general, such elements have been ignored by restorative justice proponents. In view of all of this, Winfree identifies key lessons to be learned form Navajo restorative justice practices. He focuses in particular on promises and cautions for restorative justice in relation to Navajo Peacemaker Courts. He does so first by examining underlying aboriginal ideas and philosophy, and then by locating Peacemaker Courts in Navajo history, culture, values, sense of justice, and ceremonies.
RJ Article Editor. Interview with Ada Pecos Melton
Trained and experienced in criminal justice, Ms. Melton is a member of the Pueblo Jemez in New Mexico and President of American Indian Development Associates. In this interview, she responds to questions from the editors of Full Circle. The questions and responses address basic concepts and processes of indigenous justice – for example, the nature of indigenous justice; how responsibility is determined; how things are made right; and opportunities and challenges for cooperation between people interested in restorative justice and those interested in indigenous justice.
RJ Article Umbreit, Mark S. "Juvenile Offenders Meet Their Victims: The Impact of Mediation in Albuquerque, New Mexico."
Describes the results of a program evaluation of a victim offender mediation (VOM) program in Albuquerque. Court officials, program staff, and 206 victims and juvenile offenders were interviewed. Participants in the VOM program indicated high levels of satisfaction with both the process and outcome of VOM. Offenders negotiating their own reparation agreements with victims were much more likely to comply with the restitution compared to those being ordered to pay restitution by courts.
RJ Article Price, Marty D.. Restorative Justice Warmly Received in Mexico
The process of mediation is relatively new in Mexico and the term restorative justice was virtually unheard of until recently. The Mexican criminal justice system is even more punitive than the systems of the United States and Canada. But some Mexican visionaries imagined that there must be better ways to deal with conflict and crime. This summer's initiative was spearheaded by Dr. Jorge Pesqueira, a law professor at the University of Sonora and president of the Instituto de Mediacion de Mexico, along with Sr. Sergio Herrera Trejo, the president of the Tribunal Superior de Mexico (the Supreme Court.) They conceived a five-week training course (60 hours per week) for justices, judges, prosecutors, lawyers and psychologists from every state in Mexico.
RJ Article Yazzie, Robert. Life Comes from It: Navajo Justice Concepts
Reports on the Navajo Nation's Peacemaker Courts which focuses on healing and nourishing long term relationships, rather than establishing guilt.

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