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México

Documentos de México

Justicia restaurativa, dos visiones: Mecanismos vs. procesos.
Desde el artículo por Diana Britto Ruiz: La tesis que quiero ilustrar en este escrito es que existen dos visiones de la forma como se puede lograr e implementar la justicia restaurativa: la primera, ligada completamente al sistema jurídico, busca su aplicación en marcos jurídicos estrechos que la vuelven operativa a través de mecanismos. Y la segunda, se mueve en un contexto interdisciplinar, en la que se busca el desarrollo de una filosofía y una nueva forma de comprender el delito que propende por transformar las bases de la injusticia y construir paz, y por ello su espacio de aplicación no se limita al ámbito jurídico.
Justicia Restaurativa México
Se creo el organismo el 20 de Enero del 2009 y esta formado por personas vinculadas a las ciencias penales, en particular a la justicia penal restaurativa y al proceso penal acusatorio y oral, cuya función será la investigación, capacitación, difusión y divulgación de los mecanismos alternativos de solución de controversias.
El Derecho Penal Juvenil en México. La constitucionalización de las garantías penales de los adolescentes en México y la ley de justicia para menores del estado de Querétaro.
Resumen: El presente ensayo se refiere a la reforma constitucional que inicia un nuevo modelo de juzgamiento de los adolescentes en México. Se habla de los antecedentes, de los modelos, del contexto internacional y finalmente hace un análisis de la Ley de Justicia para Menores del Estado de Querétaro, México.
La justicia restaurativa. Un programa integral de atención y prevención del delito.
Los sistemas formales de justicia penal han marginalizado a las víctimas del delito y fracasado en su intento de obligar a los infractores a reconocer el daño causado por sus acciones. El principio básico de justicia restaurativa es la determinación de restaurar el balance entre la víctima, el/la infractor/a y la comunidad en el proceso, con el fin de no desatender la necesidad de reparación de la víctima, la rectificación de la conducta delictiva y la prevención de su repetición. En casos apropiados, se debe adoptar la justicia restaurativa como método de preferencia de preferencia del proceso de justicia criminal, ya que ayuda a fortalecer el tejido social y probablemente resulte en una reducción de la privación de libertad. La justicia restaurativa se debe promover como parte legítima del proceso de justicia penal en cada país. Se debe establecer un programa para aumentar el conocimiento público de los beneficios de la justicia restaurativa. (extracto)
Justicia penal juvenil: Experiencias desde el enfoque socioeducativo.
Por Defensa de Niñas y Niños Internacional. El presente documento hace una reflexión sobre los principios conceptuales de la Justicia Penal Juvenil y las experiencias desarrolladas por DNI, en varios países de América Latina, desde el enfoque socioeducativo. Se establece, también, cómo ciertas prácticas del enfoque de Justicia Restaurativa pueden ser incluidas en el sistema de Justicia Penal Juvenil, a fin de que éste cumpla de mejor manera con sus propósitos socioeducativos y de reinserción social. Se destaca, finalmente, la importancia de asegurar la reinserción social de los adolescentes que han cumplido sanciones de internamiento a través del desarrollo de un subsistema especializado diseñado para el efecto. (extrato)
RJ Article Morris, Ruth. Mi paso desde la justicia del sufrimiento hast la justicia transformadora
sin resumen
RJ Article Tkachuk, Brian. Alternativas a la prision: Una perspectiva canadiense e internacional
sin resumen
RJ Article Olson, Cynthia. Aplicando la mediacion y los procesos de consenso en el marco de la justicia restaurativa
sin resumen
RJ Article Pakura, Shannon and Maxwell, Gabrielle. The Family Group Conference: Does it work for child protection?
This paper summaries the values, goals and philosophy underpinning the care and protection system in New Zealand and in particular emphasises the importance of: participatory practice involving families, whanau and communities; diverting families from more formal processes and keeping them within their families and communities, empowering families and children to take decisions about their own lives, and broadening the safety net for children, and improving the quality of social work practice. It identifies some of the key ingredients in a successful conference process including: developing and reaching agreements about quality plans for children, supporting and resourcing these, ensuring participant satisfaction with outcomes, and the critical importance of preparations for the conference; including the provision of appropriate information to participants. It reviews the research literature on family group conferences from New Zealand and elsewhere. This research provides information on the key finding that have emerged through evaluation research and practitioner experience in the area of care and protection. It also identifies important aspects of practice that were of concern in New Zealand in 2005. It reports on a major study of later life outcomes for young people who have been involved in youth justice family group conferences. This research identifies best practice likely to enhance wellbeing, empower children and families, and ensure culturally responsiveness. The findings reported here also focus on the features of best practice that are associated with positive life outcomes for children, young people and their families, and are also likely to be relevant to care protection processes. We conclude that there is little doubt that the care and protection family group conference has the potential to make a real contribution to empowering participants, harnessing the support of family, whanau and community and increasing the safety net for children but that success in achieving these goals is dependent on effective practice and supportive policies. (author's abstract)
RJ Article Maxwell, Gabrielle. Crossing cultural boundaries: Implementing restorative justice in international and indigenous contexts.
It was about fifteen years ago that Howard Zehr (1990) wrote the first book about Restorative Justice (Changing Lenses), John Braithwaite (1989) wrote about “Crime, Shame and Reintegration” and New Zealand introduced the family group conference – restorative process for resolving matters when children and young people became involved in offending1. Since then, many other jurisdictions have experimented with various forms of restorative justice. Perhaps the most common form, especially for young people has been the use of restorative conference in youth justice. From its beginnings in New Zealand, it has spread to Australia, Canada, England, Ireland, Sweden, Singapore, South Africa Macao, and the United States of America. Many different forms of restorative family conferencing for young people who have offended have emerged in these different states, provinces and countries for many different types of offences and for people from many different cultures. In this paper, I want to briefly review what has been learnt about the transferability of the process. In particular, what are the resolved questions and what issues still remain unresolved. And what are the conditions which must be met for the process to work in different jurisdictions and among different peoples. (excerpt)
RJ Article Kemelmajer, Aída. En búsqueda de la tercera vía. La llamada “justicia restaurativa,” “reparativa,” “reintegrativa” o “restitutiva.”
Sumario: I. Terminología. II. Algunas definiciones. III. Algunas claves para comprender las definiciones. IV. Orígenes. V. Razones de la aparición. VI. Normativa emanada de organismos internacionales que trabajan en el ámbito de los derechos humanos en la que se funda la justicia restaurativa. VII. Intereses que la justicia restaurativa intenta amparar. Propósitos o fines generales. VIII. Un fin esencial. La reparación. IX. Idea filosófica que se encuentra a la base de la justicia restaurativa: la democracia participativa. X. Conclusiones. XI. Una esperanza final.
RJ Article Zion, James W. When People Act as if They Have No Relative: Domestic Abuse Cases in the Crowpoint Family Court
In January 2004, Judges Irene M. Toledo and Angela Keahanie-Sanford of the Navajo Nation Crownpoint Judicial District in northwest New Mexico appointed me as a domestic abuse commissioner in the family court, and I began hearing cases on Fridays starting on February 6, 2004. Based on data I gathered, this chapter revisits some of the conclusions in “Hozho’ Sokee” that were based on theory and anecdotal evidence from peacemakers and support staff. It will (1) analyze the nature of domestic violence cases; (2) identify instances showing when peacemaking works and when it does not; and (3) show how a combined approach using peacemaking and quasi-judicial powers can be innovative. There are distinct differences between the procedures I use and ‘pure’ peacemaking, and they will be addressed in more detail in future writing. (excerpt)
RJ Article Henderson, James Sa'ke'j Youngblood. Warriors of Justice and Healing.
"Since the Aboriginal legal scholar Professor Gloria Valencia-Weber of the University of New Mexico introduced the idea of Aboriginal lawyers as warriors of justice and healing, we have been expanding on her idea." (excerpt)
RJ Article Mirsky, Laura. Restorative Justice Practices of Native American, First Nation and Other Indigenous People of North America: Part One
This is part one in a series of articles about restorative justice practices of Native American, First Nation, and other indigenous people of North America. The series is not all inclusive. Rather, it is a broad thematic overview. This first article includes interviews with three justice practitioners of the southwestern United States: Robert Yazzie, chief justice emeritus of the Navajo Nation Supreme Court; Joseph Flies Away, a judge in the Hualapai Nation; and James Zion, a Navajo lawyer and a domestic abuse commissioner at a family court in New Mexico. The interviews highlight Native American and First Nation justice philosophy and practice.
RJ Article Trevino Guerra, David. La mediacion en Mexico
El presente trabajo ha sido dividido en dos grandes apartados. El primero de ellos, 'La Mediación en el �?mbito Legal' engloba una serie de supuestos legales que hacen posible a la mediación. Por su parte, el segundo aparatado -La Mediación en la Práctica-, toca algunas de las generalidades que se presentan tanto para el mediador de manera subjetiva, como para la mediación de manera objetiva. (excerpt)
RJ Article Smith, M. Mediation in Juvenile Justice Settings.
This article describes how mediation has been used in parent/juvenile conflicts, victim-offender restitution agreements, conflict resolution in juvenile corrections facilities, school-based conflicts, and conflicts between rival juvenile gangs. Parent/child mediation offers juvenile court judges and probation officers a family-centered, problemsolving approach for dealing with status offenders. Victim-offender mediation is designed to produce agreements that reflect the offender's accountability and responsibility for the victim's loss and suffering by making amends. Mediation in juvenile corrections facilities is intended to resolve conflicts through a problemsolving strategy rather than through punitive disciplinary strategies. School mediation programs help develop new norms for social interaction in the school environment. Students accustomed to resolving conflict through intimidation and violence are trained to resolve conflicts through negotiation and compromise that provides benefits for all parties involved. A relatively new application of mediation in the school setting is the resolution of gang-related disputes. Conflicts between gangs and the school administration and between rival gangs played out in the school setting have been resolved through mediation. Efforts of the New Mexico Center for Dispute Resolution in the aforementioned areas are profiled. Abstract courtesy of National Criminal Justice Reference Service, www.ncjrs.org
RJ Article Rubin, Ted. Peacemaking: From Conflict to Harmony in the Navajo Tradition
After describing the overall legal structure within which tribal courts operate, this article examines how juvenile crime is addressed within the Navajo Nation and how the Nation is incorporating traditional ways, such as "Peacemaking," into its juvenile justice services. Located in Arizona, New Mexico, and Utah, the Navajo Nation consists of 25,000 square miles and is larger than nine U.S. States. Its population of approximately 250,000 comprises more than 11 percent of the total Native American population. The Nation has nine trial court locations in seven judicial districts. The Navajo Tribal Code directs that Navajo common law and tribal statutes enacted by the Navajo Nation Counsel are the laws of preference for court actions. Otherwise, Federal law, if applicable, is used. Lastly, State law may be applied. "Peacemaking" embodies the philosophy and principles of Navajo common law and principles of restorative justice. It is used commonly in disputes between neighbors, husbands and wives, and parents and children, and with problems due to alcohol abuse, sexual misconduct, conduct that causes disunity in a family or community, and small business matters. Currently, it is used infrequently in juvenile delinquency or child dependency/abuse cases. The Navajo Nation's legislative judiciary committee is now considering amending the purpose clause of its Children's Code to urge the application of traditional methods in working with children and youth. This committee, as well as the Judicial Branch of the Nation, wants to expand Peacemaking with both delinquent and dependent/abused children and their families. Abstract courtesy of National Criminal Justice Reference Service, www.ncjrs.org.
RJ Article Consedine, Jim. Restorative Justice-A Light in the Darkness
Consedine observes that any criticism of the nature of imprisonment and the current criminal justice system raises the objection, “Yes…but what alternatives are you proposing?�? Therefore, Consedine takes up the challenge and proposes restorative justice as the alternative – as a light in the darkness. He substantiates his position by critically examining the idea and practice of punishment as the heart of the problem; explains what restorative justice is and how it works; identifies restorative alternatives to punishment; and urges Christians to work for a restorative justice approach to responding to crime.
RJ Article Consedine, Jim. A Harsh Reality - A Merciful Response
Beginning with an indictment of the retributive criminal justice system and the modern prison system, Consedine calls for the Christian Church to respond to issues of crime, law, and order with an alternative approach. This approach should express Good News. It should be based on justice, equity, fairness, and accountability. Yet it should also be guided by wisdom tempered by mercy, thus always seeking the possibility of healing, forgiveness, and reconciliation for victims and offenders. To develop this perspective, Consedine explores justice in relation to the common good and to law; biblical justice; shalom, social justice, and covenant; the New Testament and justice; and respect, mercy, forgiveness, and pardon.
RJ Article Morris, Ruth. Reconciled with Whom? Wrong Criminals, Wrong Goal
In this radical analysis of crime and response to crime, Ruth Morris maintains that the criminal justice system as it exists is a costly, unjust, immoral failure. More succinctly, she sees the system as wrong because it has the wrong goal and it puts the wrong people in the dock. It has the wrong goal-namely, revenge. And it puts the wrong people in the dock – namely, the marginalized. She then applies her analysis to the world’s prisons, the Christian responsibility to reconcile and restore relationships, and pastoral work within the penal system.

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